Smart City District OptimizationCopyright: Insero Live Lab
Two trial sites of the FINESCE project are focusing on the demonstration of the capability of both Demand Side Management (DSM) and Demand Side Response (DSR) including Multi-Family Houses and Single-Family Houses within a smart city district. In the following the objectives and concepts of both trial sites will be explained.
In the field trial “Future internet providing the sustainable Smart City energy eco-system”, which is set in the Hyllie district (Malmö, Sweden), DSM and DSR methods are evaluated and show how Future Internet technologies will help to execute demand side concepts more efficiently. Controllable heat and electrical loads can be steered due to either a price signal or a signal which was calculated out of the energy production mix, based on CO2 emissions. The main focus of this demonstration lies in the evaluation of the thermal load shifting potential for different heating systems, e. g. floor heating and radiators, while leveraging the building´s thermal inertia. In the whole field trial all thermal loads are fed by four Combined Heat and Power (CHP) plants via the local district heating grid.
The outcome of the optimization will be the quantification of needed thermal flexibility to significantly change the generation pattern to reduce the generation costs. An advantage will be that the results can be applied also to other regions that have similar infrastructures. Furthermore, depending on the customer´s potential to act as balancing power, new business models can be established.
The trial site in Horsens, Denmark is known as a living laboratory of the future. A total of 25 buildings will be upgraded to “intelligent home of the future” and equipped with the latest technology of energy and ICT. The 25 households will form a small-scale prosumer community. In particular they will be equipped with heat pumps, solar heating systems, PV-plants, and electric vehicles, including charging stations and home automation systems. All houses will be linked to one another to coordinate both the thermal and electrical energy production and consumption. With the help of an intelligent IT-cloud system, the families will have access to live information about market prices, weather forecast, production and consumption forecasts. The visualization of such information is expected to influence the customer´s behavior in an energy saving direction. Similar to the field trial in Hyllie, Sweden, the results can be scaled-up to investigate potential optimization strategies on a larger scale.